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CREATING THE CANADIAN ARMY 69

ready for the arrival of the troops on Salisbury Plain. There are sixty-six separate articles in a Canadian soldier's equipment. During the first six weeks of the war the Q.M.G. and the Ordnance Department were called on to supply such items as the following: 100,000 forage caps; 290,000 pairs of boots and shoes; 70,000 rifles; 70,000 bayonets; 240,000 jackets and sweaters; 235,000 pairs of trousers. Accompanying the troops sent to England were 21 thirteen-pounder quick-firing field-guns; 96 eighteen-pounder quick-firing guns, 10 breech-loading sixty-pounder guns, a large number of machine guns, motor lorries, transport wagons, and vast quantities of ammunition. All this, it must be remembered, was merely a first instalment of what has been done since.

It was on January 12th, 1916, that the authorized military establishment of Canada was raised to 500,000 men. Over 370,000 officers and men have joined the Canadian Expeditionary Force; there are 12,500 more in Canada on garrison duty. Overseas, outside England, are about 100,000 more, in England or on the way there, about the same number; in Canada over 100,000; and these figures deal with effectives. The force, as constituted at the time of the present writing, consists of an Army Corps of four divisions, a brigade of cavalry, line of communication units, units allotted to overseas garrisons, and troops in England and in Canada.'

' The Canadian Infantry is now divided into twelve regiments: 1st Central Ontario, 2nd Central Ontario, Manitoba, British Columbia, East Ontario, 1st Quebec Regiment, 2nd Quebec, New Brunswick, West Ontario, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Nova Scotia.

Relative proportions of religious denominations to April 30th, 1918: Anglican, 41.0 per cent.; Methodist, 12.7; Presbyterian, 21.6; Roman Catholic, 14.7; Baptist and Congregationalists, 5.5; Jews, 0.3; Others, 3.6.

In February, 1918, there were overseas, roughly, 250,000 men, of whom 140,000 were in France, and 116,000 in the United Kingdom.

The relative proportions of the personnel according to country of origin in 1918 works out as follows: Canadian (English), 40.44 per cent.; Canadian (French), 4.46; English-born, 33.33; Scotch, 10.28; Irish, 3.47; Welsh, .98; other British possessions, 1.00; United States of America, 3.29; other countries, 2.75. Total Canadian-born, 45 per cent. British Empire outside Canada, 49.06.


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