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CREATING THE CANADIAN ARMY 63

 

altogether twenty-five units at the Front, and a similar number in depots in England.

It might be worth while here to glance at the Memoranda concerning the work of the different branches of the Department of Militia and Defence between the date of the outbreak of war and the latest time for which returns are available at the time of writing these notes.

Previous to the war, the military organization at Headquarters at Ottawa was designed to deal with a permanent force of about 3,000 and to train about 50,000 men for ten or twelve days during the year, under peace conditions. In two years over 370,000 Canadians had taken up arms. Over 200,000 had been fully equipped and transported overseas. At the time of writing this, Canada's enlisted forces exceed by 225,000 the combined forces of Meade and Lee at Gettysburg. The ships that carried the First Contingent, carried the greatest military or other body of mankind that ever put to sea. The Canadian Expeditionary Force overseas largely exceeds that which had once been calculated as the probable contribution of Great Britain to the forces engaged in any European War, and the enrolled forces of the Dominion at the present date are very considerably greater than the entire establishment of the British Army (as authorized by the Army Act) before the war—even including the British and Indian troops in India.

As might be expected, the growth of the Department of Militia and Defence has been commensurate with the rapid expansion of the military forces. To-day this organization is greater than was the British War Office before the war, its expenditure is twice as great; its personnel has been increased from about three hundred to nearly ten times that number.

An entirely new Headquarters organization has been established in London, in the shape of the Canadian Records office, where—among other things—are kept precise details of the condition and whereabouts of all the


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