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54   DAYS OF PREPARATION

that one Division would be a suitable composition of the said expeditionary force. This Division was to be organized as closely as possible on the lines laid down in the Expeditionary Force War Establishments, 1914, with certain modifications due to a shortage of howitzers and machine guns.

On August 13th, the Secretary of State for the Colonies telegraphed to ask on what date the Division would be ready to embark, assuming that transports were avail-able? For the moment, it was impossible to send a definite reply, as the services of certain units of the Permanent Force (which at first were to be included in the Expeditionary Force) were required for instructional purposes at Valcartier, and additional units were being organized.

Less than a week later General Sir Sam Hughes cabled to say that 25,000 Canadian soldiers would be ready to cross the Atlantic before the middle of September. These consisted of one Division, and—of troops surplus to Divisional requirements—one cavalry regiment, two batteries of horse artillery, and one infantry battalion. The "Divisional requirements" called for arms, etc., as follows: Cavalry, Artillery, Engineers, Signal Service, Infantry, Army Service Corps, Army Medical Service, Army Veterinary Service, Ordnance Corps, Army Pay Corps, and Postal Corps. Not included in this list were Army Chaplains and Nursing Sisters. This was followed by an offer from Sir Sam Hughes of a number of batteries of machine guns, to be accompanied by "splendid gunners and outfit." This offer was on behalf of "several wealthy gentlemen." The guns were to be mounted on armour-trucks for service abroad.

Then came a request for Lines of Communication units, including such details as Divisional Supply Column (Mechanical Transport), Reserve Park (two-horsed wagons), Divisional Ammunition Park, General, Stationary, and Clearing Hospitals, Railway Supply Detachment, Army Pay Corps Details, and Depot Units of


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