CREATING THE CANADIAN ARMY 51
of wireless stations and cable landing places on the Atlantic and Pacific coasts. Naval commanders at Halifax and Esquimalt received orders to prepare for the transportation of censorship staffs and defending forces. Collectors of Customs were instructed to get ready to enforce the secret instructions with which they had already been provided. Officers in command of the various Districts were directed by telegraph to make arrangements for the movement of certain regiments and batteries at early notice, these instructions to be kept secret, and the movements to be carried out under the guise of ordinary practice exercises. Certain units of the Permanent Militia were recalled from the training of non-permanent units in order to take charge of the detention of shipping, which was considered at this crisis to be the more important duty. All necessary steps had to be taken for the institution of an examination service to be enforced against ships. Certain officials at the Department of Militia and Defence were ordered for duty day and night, and arrangements were made for instant communication with all officers of the Department at any moment if necessary. On August 1st, the examination of shipping was put into force and officers of the military and naval services ordered to co-operate for this purpose.
Rumours, of course, began to crop up luxuriantly. A German cruiser was reported off the West Coast of the United States and Mexico, and the Rainbow was ordered to keep herself available for the protection of merchant-men in general, and grain ships in particular, going south from the British Columbian coast. The Dresden was reported tb be off New York, and, the following day, she and the Karlsruhe were reported in the neighbour-hood of St. Pierre. Guns were sent to certain ports to guard against possible attacks by armed gun-boats. The Royal Naval Reserves were called out on August end. The question of the removal of certain houses and buildings which might find themselves in the line of