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CANADA AT WAR   47

his department as if it were a separate department of the Government and that this had led to frequent and well-founded protests from the Prime Minister and his colleagues.

In his letter of November 9th, 1916, the Prime Minister complained of the tone of Sir Sam Hughes' letter of November 1st. The correspondence, however, was merely the evidence that the rupture was inevitable, the result of the contest for power which has been described. Sir Sam resigned and was succeeded by Sir A. E. Kemp, who had been Minister without Portfolio in the Borden Government.

When the Duke of Connaught was appointed Governor-General of Canada, there was a good deal of controversy as to the wisdom of placing a member of the Royal family in that position. Some hoped that it would quicken the devotion of Canada to the throne; some feared that it would encourage tendencies that were not democratic and were unsuited to the country. It must be said that the Duke of Connaught bore himself in such a way as to disarm criticism.

In 1914 it was announced that the Duke was about to leave Canada, although he had served only three years of his term. Upon this occasion the two Houses of Parliament passed an address expressing high appreciation of his conduct and services. Sir Robert Borden dwelt upon the efforts made by the Governor-General by travel and study to familiarize himself with the sentiments and aspirations of Canada. Sir Wilfrid Laurier emphasized the democratic simplicity which marked the life of this distinguished member of the Royal family.

Before the date fixed for his departure the war broke out, and the Duke of Connaught was asked and consented to prolong his stay in Canada. It was a fact of some importance that in the opening years of the war, the Governor-General was a soldier of experience and standing, whose counsel was of great value, and was freely though unobtrusively given. As the consultations in


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