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CANADA AT WAR   39

Meredith, Chief Justice of Ontario, and Mr. Justice Duff of the Supreme Court. Some cases of "graft" came to light. But what was more important was the belief that very large fortunes were being made out of the war in methods that were not illegal, but were none the less wrong. When men were being asked to give themselves, and to risk their lives, it seemed monstrous that a few should be not only giving up no part of their profits but actually making huge profits out of the sacrifices of their countrymen and the needs of their country. It was urged that all excessive war profits should be taken for public purposes.

Closely related to this subject was the increase in the cost of living. In part this was inevitable, owing to bad crops, the scarcity of labour, and the vast demands created by millions of soldiers consuming food and producing none. But in addition to this there was a widespread belief that middlemen dealing in food were making use of the facilities afforded by cold storage to hold back food for the purpose of obtaining extortionate prices by creating artificial scarcity. The Dominion Government was asked to enquire into the matter, and promised to do so. Some went so far as to advocate that cold storage plants should be opened by the Government for the public benefit.

It will be convenient at this point to return to the progress of enlistment in the Canadian Expeditionary Force. The first enlistment was not only voluntary but spontaneous, requiring no urgent solicitation; and for some time it was believed that all the recruits necessary could be obtained in this way. But the standard of requirement was raised from time to time until at last it was said that Canada's rightful proportion was half a million men. In endeavouring to reach this standard it was found necessary to carry on a vigorous campaign for recruits, holding meetings not only in public halls but at street corners and stopping young men on the streets. Reproaches were hurled at those who held


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