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CANADA AT WAR   s7

little grumbling, and no murmurs were heard as Provincial taxes were added to those levied by the Dominion, and to the large voluntary contributions made for the Patriotic Fund, the Red Cross, and other purposes.

It may be convenient here to anticipate the history of measures of taxation. As the war went on, it was found that the increasing expenditures would not be met with-out resort to new sources of revenue, and incomes and excess profits were taxed to an extent which a few years before would have been regarded as out of the question.

The discussion on the tariff revived the talk about the party truce. As a sort of counsel of perfection, the idea was advanced in the early part of the war that the parties should cease their strife until the war against the common enemy was ended. In part, the truce was kept, and at least the Government was not obstructed in the discharge of its duty. But the second war session, unlike the first, was marked by some sharp party fighting, and the tariff debate was of this character. The moving of the tariff amendment, a vote of want of confidence, was afterwards mentioned by the Minister of Public Works, the Hon. Robert Rogers, as a reason for holding "a war election," and this question of holding or postponing the election was a subject of discussion for many months.

The last general election had been held in September, 1911, so that two years would elapse before Parliament would expire by the efifuxion of time. There were precedents for dissolving Parliament in less than four years, so that, but for the war, no great objection could have been raised to the holding of a general election in 1915. It was upon the relation of the election to the war, however, that the controversy turned. On one side it was said that the Government had the right to ask the people to approve of its policy in participating in the war. On the other side it was said that a general election would arouse hostility and bitterness and divide into two hostile camps a country that ought to be united for the purpose of carrying on the war. It was pointed


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