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CANADA AT WAR   29

at issue; the judgment of the world has already pronounced upon it. I speak not only of those nations which are engaged in this war, but of the neutral nations. The testimony of the ablest men of these nations, without a dissenting voice, is that to-day the allied nations are fighting for freedom against oppression, for democracy against autocracy, for civilization against reversion to that state of barbarism in which the supreme law is the law of might.

"It is an additional source of pride to us that England did not seek this war. It is a matter of history that she did not draw the sword until every means had been exhausted to secure and to keep an honourable peace. For a time it was hoped that Sir Edward Grey, who on more than one occasion has saved Europe from such a calamity, would again avert the awful scourge of war. So it will go down on a still nobler page of history that England could have averted this war if she had been willing to forgo the position which she had maintained for many centuries at the head of European civilization; if she had been willing to desert her allies, to sacrifice her obligations, to allow the German Emperor to bully heroic Belgium, to trample upon defenseless Luxembourg, to rush upon isolated France, and to put down his booted heel upon continental Europe. At that price England would have secured peace; but her answer to the German Emperor was `your proposals are infamous' and, rather than accept them, England has entered into this war. And there is not to-day . . . a single man whose admiration for England is not greater by reason of this firm and noble attitude."

The position of German citizens in Canada was thus referred to:

"They are certainly among our best citizens. This has been acknowledged on more than one occasion. They are proud of the land of their adoption, which to many of them is the land of their birth, and they have shown more than once their devotion to British institu-


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