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CANADA AT WAR   27

of State for the Colonies, opened up the question of Canadian aid, and asked for the views of the Imperial Government. On August 4th, the British Government said that there seemed to be no immediate need for an expeditionary force from Canada, but that it would be wise to take legislative steps for the provision of such a force in case it should be required. Two days later the Canadian offer was accepted, and it was proposed that Canada should send forward a division comprising about 22,500 men. Parliament was summoned to meet on August 18th. A paragraph from the speech from the throne will indicate the view then taken of the situation.

"The critical period into which we have just entered has aroused to the full the patriotism and loyalty which have always actuated the Canadian people. From every province and indeed from every community the response to the call of duty has been all that could be desired. The spirit which thus animates Canada also inspires His Majesty's dominions throughout the world; and we may be assured that united action to repel the common danger will not fail to strengthen the ties that bind together those vast dominions in the possession and enjoyment of the blessings of British liberty."

There was a brief debate upon the address in reply to this speech, if debate it may be called where no difference of opinion was shown. The speeches are worthy of study as illustrating the attitude of public men at that time. The address in reply to the Speech from the Throne was moved by an Ontario member and seconded, as is the custom, by a French Canadian. The mover, Mr. Donald Sutherland of South Oxford, said that Great Britain was fighting to fulfil a solemn international obligation, not only of law but of honour, and also to vindicate the principle that small nationalities must not be crushed, in defiance of international good faith, by the arbitrary will of an overmastering power. "No nation," he said, "ever entered into a controversy with a clearer and stronger conviction that it was fighting, not for


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