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238   MILITARY HISTORY OF CANADA

closing events of the Fort Erie raid, as Assistant Quartermaster-General on Sir John Michel's staff. But a more memorable fact was the patriotism displayed by scores of Canadians in returning from the United States to take their places in the ranks of the militia.

The Fenian Commander-in-Chief evidently intended the demonstration at Fort Erie to be part of a concerted attack at a number of points along the International Boundary, but his plans woefully miscarried. Not only did Ridgeway give him his one and only triumph, and that a very temporary triumph, but it was the only occasion on which at any point along the long boundary he was able to gain even a momentary foothold on Canadian soil. At every point that appeared to be seriously threatened—Kingston, Brockville, Prescott, Cornwall, the Eastern Townships, and the Western frontier from Sarnia to Amherstburg—the regulars and militia were waiting eagerly for the first move on the part of the Fenians. Special interest centred in the situation at Cornwall, as Sweeny himself was known to be directing the preparations on the other side of the river for an attack on the town and canals. It was therefore thought necessary to concentrate a strong force at this point, and Colonel Pakenham of the 30th Regiment (regulars) had under his command a portion of his own regiment with the King's Own Borderers, the 14th Battalion of Kingston, the 11th Argenteuil Rangers, the 6th Hochelaga Light Infantry, two companies of the Ottawa Rifles, two Cornwall Companies, and a portion of the Ottawa Field Battery, making altogether a force of over 2,000 men.

A small but effective naval force was also provided on the Great Lakes. The W. T. Robb with the Dunnville Naval Brigade and a detachment of the St. Catharines Garrison Battery, as already mentioned, was employed patrolling the Niagara river and the lower end of Lake Erie. The Toronto Naval Brigade, on the Rescue, did equally efficient work on the upper portion of Lake Erie and the Detroit river. The ferry steamer Michigan


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