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230 MILITARY HISTORY OF CANADA

 

widowers without children; "C", married men and widowers with children. Class "A" drilled six days each year and was provided with ammunition. The other two classes were enrolled and mustered one day in each year. The Sedentary Militia was not enrolled.

Between the War of 1812 and Confederation, the militia of the Maritime Provinces were only called out on active service on two occasions—in connection with the so-called Aroostook War in 1839, and the threatened Fenian Invasion in 1866. The Aroostook War was probably so named in derision, as, apart from politics, it was nothing but a tempest in a teapot. Ill-feeling had been allowed to develop in Maine and New Brunswick, particularly along the frontier, on account of the vaguely defined international boundary. There was a considerable area of land in the Madawaska district claimed by both countries under the loose wording of the Treaty of 1783. The Governor and Legislature of Maine attempted to take possession of the disputed territory. Sir John Harvey, Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick, sent a company of the 43rd Regiment to Grand Falls and another to Woodstock to protect the boundary. Guns and ammunition were also sent forward to arm the militia if it should be found necessary to call them out. At the same time Harvey issued a proclamation warning the people to avoid taking any hostile steps against the Americans. The situation was very tense, and it would not have taken much to start a conflagration which might have brought about another war between the United States and the British Empire.

The Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick reported the circumstances to the British Minister at Washington, for presentation to the United States Government. The Governor of Maine also made representations to Washing-ton, and the United States Government found itself more or less on the horns of a dilemma. While it was making up its mind, the people along the border took the matter into their own hands. A number of New Brunswick


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