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226   MILITARY HISTORY OF CANADA

The stimulating effect of outside events also revealed itself in 1858, when the famous 100th, or Prince of Wales' Royal Canadian Regiment, was raised in Canada, as a direct result of the outbreak of the Mutiny in India. The regiment was recruited entirely in Canada, the commanding officer being Baron de Rottenburg, then Adjutant-General of the Canadian militia, and most of the other officers being Canadians. It consisted of twelve companies of one hundred men each. The regiment was trained at Quebec, and later at Shorncliffe, where it was inspected by the Duke of Cambridge, and received its colours from the Prince of Wales, who referred to this "spontaneous offering of the loyal and spirited Canadian people" as an act "which proclaims and strengthens the unity of the 'various parts of this vast Empire, under the sway of our common sovereign." The 100th Regiment served at Gibraltar, in Malta, India, and Ireland, and was at Montreal during the Trent Affair in 1866.

By an Act passed in 1859 provision was made for consolidating the scattered companies of militia into battalions, of not less than six or more than ten companies. The first to be grouped under the new Act were the nine companies in Montreal, which became the First Battalion Volunteer Militia of Canada, now known as the Prince of Wales Fusiliers. The following year four rifle companies in Toronto, with the Barrie and Whitby companies, were constituted the Second Battalion Volunteer Militia Rifles of Canada, now the Queen's Own Rifles. These are the oldest of existing infantry corps in Canada. It may be noted, however, that the Governor-General's Body Guard dates back to 1822, when it was organized as the Queen's Light Dragoons. The original troop was raised by Captain George T. Denison, and it is an interesting fact in Canadian military annals that this corps has been commanded by three generations of Denisons, all bearing the same Christian names.l

1 Colonel George T. Denison, grandson of the founder of the corps, has given a very interesting account of the Body Guard in his Soldiering in Canada.


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