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THE WAR OF 1812   171

determined to pass through the enemy's lines; bore up, passed ahead of their two ships and a brig, giving a raking fire to them from the starboard guns, and to a large schooner and sloop, from the leeward side, at half-pistolshot distance."

At the first discharge, Barclay was seriously wounded and compelled to leave the deck. Lieutenant Inglis now took command of the Detroit. The guns on the larboard side were disabled and he attempted to wear ship in order to bring the starboard guns to bear on the enemy. But just at the moment the Queen Charlotte was running up to leeward, and the was managed so unskilfully that the two vessels became entangled. Before they could separate, the Niagara, the Caledonia, and the American schooners were in position to rake them from stem to stern at half-pistol length. After receiving several terrific volleys from cannon and muskets, the Queen Charlotte struck her flag, and the Detroit and Lady Prevost followed her example. The Chippewa and Little Belt tried to escape, but after a hot chase were captured, and the whole British fleet was in the hands of the Americans.

The fight was a costly one for both forces. The British loss was 41 killed and 94 wounded, a total of 135, or practically one in every three men engaged. Among the killed were Captains Garden and Finnis, and among the wounded Captain Barclay and Lieutenants Stokoe, Garland, Buchan, Rolette, and Bagnall. The Americans had 27 killed and 96 wounded, nearly all on the Lawrence.

The defeat had been a serious one to Canada. General Harrison was now eager to seize Detroit and Amherstburg, and the only course really open p Procter was to retreat from his position on the Detroit river. To decide on this he called a council of officers, including Tecumseh and other distinguished chiefs. Procter advised immediate retreat, which Tecumseh vehemently opposed. How-ever, Procter won his way by showing that a successful stand was impossible at Amherstburg or Detroit, and by


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