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THE WAR OF 1812   163

men to continue the fight. The only hope of those left alive behind the pickets was in surrender. So he hurriedly scribbled a note and sent it to Major Madison, ordering him to cease firing and have his men lay down their arms. Madison obeyed the order, and soon all the American soldiers left alive were in the hands of the British.

The battle ended by 8 a.m. The British had lost 24 killed and 158 wounded, a total of 182, over one-third of their white troops. The Indians' loss was small, as they fought from cover, while the main fire of the defenders had been directed against the guns and their supporting companies of regulars. About 500 prisoners were taken, and the Americans lost 397 killed and 25 wounded. The slaughter had been brutal, attended by all the horrors of Indian warfare. From Frenchtown but few escaped. According to several reports only thirty reached Fort Meigs two days after the battle, but over 100 wounded and footsore men straggled into the American lines during the following week.

Procter hastened homeward with most of his prisoners, but a number of wounded were left behind under charge of Major Reynolds and a small guard. Unfortunately, word was brought that Harrison was advancing with a strong force to Frenchtown. A few of the guard deserted, and the Indians, intoxicated, it is said, and burning for revenge, returned and slaughtered thirty of the unfortunate wounded. For this Procter has been blamed, but he could hardly have foreseen the calamity.

Procter retreated to Amherstburg, quite expecting that Harrison would advance from the Miami to give him battle. Harrison was actually advancing to reinforce Winchester, but he was met by stragglers from the tragic field, and, having but a small force, retraced his steps; so on the evening of the Battle of Frenchtown both generals were running away from each other.

A notable victory had been won. It completel disorganized the American plan of invasion, and it wa not until the Americans, as we shall see, had, through Perry's

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