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148   MILITARY HISTORY OF CANADA

to escape he crawled under one of the guns, but at a later stage in the battle Sergeant-Major Fraser saw him and dragged him forth, compelling him to surrender his sword. Just as the flanks of the American force were being assailed by Harvey and Major Ogilvie, who had followed hard after Plenderleath, Winder arrived at the centre of action. Unaware of the reverse that the artillery and their support on the hill had sustained, he rode right into the midst of Plenderleath's men. Fraser was in luck; he rushed upon the American general, compelled him to dismount and took him prisoner. By this time the remainder of the 49th had won the height, and the main position of the enemy was in their possession.

On the left flank were the 5th and the 16th United States Infantry. Against these Major Ogilvie led five companies of the 8th Regiment and quickly put them to flight. They attempted to rally, but Harvey was on their right and with a rapid movement scattered them, taking many prisoners. In the darkness, the American dragoons struggled to retrieve the day. They formed for the charge, but only succeeded in riding into their own 16th Infantry.

A victory had been won, but Harvey knew that when the Americans realized how small was the force that had attacked them, they would rally and it might go hard with him. His troops had done well, but they were in a sadly disorganized condition. According to Cruickshanks: "Officers had lost their commands in the darkness and wandered blindly about the fields seeking them. General Vincent himself had disappeared and was supposed to be killed or taken prisoner. Companies had become separated from their battalions and sections from their companies." Destroy the American force Harvey knew he could not, and, seeing that his command was now reduced to 500 effective men, with the first glimmer of daylight he ordered a retreat.

An attempt was made to carry off the captured guns, but from scarcity of horses the British were able to remove


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