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140 MILITARY HISTORY OF CANADA

 

pany of the Glengarry Fencibles, part of a company of the Newfoundland Regiment, and a few men of the Royal Artillery; these, with the dockyard men and the gunners from the Duke of Gloucester, gave him a force of 420 men. Two companies of the 8th Regiment, 180 men, who were on their way from Kingston to Fort George to reinforce the garrison there, had halted at York and were retained to take part in the defence of the town. This gave Sheaffe an entire force of 600 men with which to resist an attack from 2,400.

The American fleet of fourteen vessels sailed from Sackett's Harbour on April 25th. They carried eighty-four guns and crews of over 700. The troops under Dearborn, with Pike as second in command, numbered between 1,600 and 1,700. They were composed of Forsyth's riflemen, Colonel McClure's volunteers, four regiments of the United States Infantry and numerous artillery. On the evening of April 26th, the sentries posted on Scarboro Heights, a few miles east of the town, reported to Sheaffe that a numerous fleet was sweeping up the lake before a south-east breeze. On the morning of April 27th, the inhabit-ants of York saw, with gloomy forebodings, the American fleet lying off the harbour. It was evident that an immediate landing was to be attempted, and the old French fort was the place selected by Pike, who was in charge of the landing operations, but a fresh breeze was blowing, the ships were carried past that point, and the landing was made at Humber Bay.

The advance party consisted of 250 men under Major Forsyth. To protect the landing, the guns of the fleet opened fire on a small force of forty Indians under Major Givins, stationed in the forest skirting the lake shore. The Glengarry company had been sent by Sheaffe to aid the Indians, but it did not arrive on the scene until Major Givins' force had been beaten back and an additional regiment of infantry had been put ashore under Major King to reinforce Forsyth. More infantry and some artillery were now landed and the whole force, con-


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