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132 MILITARY HISTORY OF CANADA

 

was in the Lake Champlain district, preparing for an attack on Montreal. In anticipation of such a movement, a cordon was formed along the frontier of Lower Canada from the Yamaska to St. Regis, where the boundary line between the United States and Canada touches the St. Lawrence, the force employed consisting of British regular troops, Canadian voltigeurs, and part of the embodied militia. A light brigade of selected troops, regulars and militia, was formed at Blairfindie, under the command of Lieut.-Col. Young of the 8th Regiment, consisting of the flank companies of the 8th, 100th, and 103rd Regiments, with the Canadian fencibles, the flank companies of the 1st Battery of embodied militia, and a small brigade of the Royal Artillery with six field-pieces. On the frontier immediately south of Montreal, the road to the United States from L'Acadie through Burtonville and Odelltown was rendered impracticable by abattis.

St. Regis, an Indian village in Lower Canada, on the south shore of the St. Lawrence, opposite Cornwall, was surprised, on the morning of October 2nd, by a force of 400 men detailed from Plattsburg on Lake Champlain. The outpost or picket at this point consisted of twenty men and an officer of the Canadian Voyageurs. Lieut. Rototte, a sergeant, and six men were killed, and the remainder taken prisoners. This affair was swiftly avenged. On November 23rd, small parties of the 39th Regiment and Glengarry infantry, supported by about seventy men of the Cornwall and Glengarry militia, about 140 in all, under Lieut.-Col. McMillan, crossed the St. Lawrence and surprised the United States fort at Salmon River, a few miles southeast of St. Regis. The enemy took to a block-house, but were speedily forced to surrender. Captain Tilden, who had participated in the raid on St. Regis, 2 subalterns and 41 men were taken prisoners, and 4 bateaux and 57 stand of arms fell into the hands of the victors.

While these preliminary skirmishes were taking place, General Dearborn had assembled 10,000 men at, or near,


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