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128 MILITARY HISTORY OF CANADA

 

warriors and occupied the roads and woods below Detroit, intercepting the enemy's communications. The spot selected for landing was Springwell, four miles below the fort, on the only line of retreat for Hull's force, at a point where the river Detroit is about three-fourths of a mile wide. At daybreak on the 16th, the force under Brock, consisting of 330 regulars and 400 militia, with five light guns crossed the river and advanced against the fort. The invading force was flanked upon the left by the Indians in the woods, and on the right by a small vessel of the Provincial Marine, the Queen Charlotte. Brock advanced boldly, and the enemy abandoned an outpost, well placed, strongly picketted, and defended by two 24-pounders, and retreated into the main fort. Preparations were being made for an assault, when suddenly an officer bearing a flag of truce was seen to emerge from the woods. Brigadier-General Hull had concluded to capitulate. Articles were formulated then and there, and under them the whole of Michigan Territory, Fort Detroit, a ship-of-war, thirty-three guns, stores to correspond, the military chest, 2,500 troops, and one stand of colours were surrendered to the British.

After providing for the security of his conquest, Brock, on August 22nd, sailed for the Niagara frontier, but on the way learned that an armistice had been arranged between Sir George Prevost and General Dearborn. Word had reached America that, on June 23rd, the British Ordersin-Council had been revoked, and Prevost had received instructions to suspend operations pending a decision by the United States Government as to what action it would take. This armistice, in force from the 8th to the 29th of August, proved most useful to the enemy, and all but neutralized the effect of the victories achieved in the west. It gave him time to breathe, to think, to transport stores and reinforcements unmolested. During its continuance, nine fine vessels were removed from Ogdensburg, from under the very guns of Fort Wellington at Prescott, to Sackett's Harbour, and gave Commodore


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