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118 MILITARY HISTORY OF CANADA APPENDIX

In a Report to the King dated 8th June, 1763, the "Lords of Trade" make the following recommendation: "We should humbly propose to Your Majesty that the new Government of Canada should be restricted, so as to leave on the one hand, all the Lands lying about the great Lakes and beyond the Sources of the Rivers which fall into the River St. Lawrence from the North, to be thrown into the Indian Country, and on the other hand, all the Lands from Cape Roziere to Lake Champlain, along the Heights where the Sources of the Rivers rise, which fall into the Bay of Fundy and Atlantic Ocean, to be annexed to Nova Scotia and New England in such a manner as upon any future directions after particular Surveys have been made shall appear most proper. If this general Idea shall be approved the future Bounds of the new Colony of Canada will be as follows:

On the South East it will be bounded by the high Lands which range across the Continent from Cape Roziere in the Gulph of St. Laurence to that point of Lake Champlain above St. Johns which is in Latitude 45 Degrees North; which high Lands separate the heads of the Rivers which fall into the great River St. Lawrence from the head of those which fall into the Atlantick Ocean or Bay of Fundy. On the North West It will be bounded by a Line drawn South from the River St. Johns in Labrador by the heads of those Rivers which fall into the River St. Lawrence as far as the East end of Lake Nipissin upon the Ottowa River, and on the South West by a line drawn due West to the River St. Lawrence from that point on Lake Champlain which is directly opposite to where the South Line falls in and so cross the said River St. Lawrence and pursuing a North West Course along the Heights where the Rivers rise, that fall into the Ottowa River, to be continued to the East end of Nipissin Lake where the North Line terminates."

On 19th September of the same year the Earl of Halifax, Secretary of State, (Northern Department) advised the "Lords of Trade":—"And His Majesty thinks proper to direct that the Extent of the Commission, which Your Lordships are to prepare for the Honble. James Murray, shall be exactly such as marked out in your first Report of the 8th of June last, and in the Map thereto annexed, under the Denomination of Canada. That such Government be described in the Commission, as comprehending all such Part of Canada on the North Side of the River St. Lawrence, and all such Parts of His Majesty's antient Colonies of Nova Scotia, New England, and New York, on the South Side of the said River, as lie within the Limits above mentioned, and that It be called the Province of Quebec."


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