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FIRST FIFTY YEARS OF BRITISH RULE 105

 

His Majesty would be enrolled in these companies. The volunteers would each be given twelve dollars in money, one coat, two pairs of Indian moccasins and a pair of mitts, and furnished with arms, munitions, and supplies during the whole of the campaign. The pay for each man would be six English pence per day, and the force would be accompanied by a priest. The service of these volunteers would end with the campaign, when all would be at liberty to return home.

This pioneer militia corps of Canada under British rule was raised and equipped in fourteen days, and left Mont-real for Oswego on April 6th. It was commanded by one of the most capable officers of the old French militia service in Canada, Jean Baptiste Marie des Bergeres de Rigauville, who received the temporary commission of major. This officer, who was born at Berthier-en-Bas, October 28th, 1726, was, as a reward for service in the militia, given a commission in the Colony Troops, and, as one of the senior officers of that service, participated with distinction in the battle of Ste. Foy. The other officers were all men who had distinguished themselves during the French regime as officers of either the Colony Troops or the militia; among them were such men as Antoine Juchereau Duchesnay, Saint Ange de Bellerive, and Godefroy Baby. This force, although not brought into actual conflict with the Indians, did excellent service and remained in the field until Pontiac made his submission to Sir William Johnson at Oswego on July 23rd, 1766.

In September, 1766, General Sir Guy Carleton, an-other of Wolfe's officers, whose name is intimately associated with the military history of Canada, became acting Governor' of the Province of Quebec.' Carleton was deeply impressed by the defenceless condition of the colony, and addressed a communication to Lord Shel-

l Carleton became Governor October 26th, 1768.

2 For the boundaries of the Province of Quebec see the appendix at the end of this chapter.


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