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FIRST FIFTY YEARS OF BRITISH RULE 103

 

towards the Mississippi, still breathing vengeance against the English.

On hearing that Fort Pitt (now Pittsburg, formerly Fort Duquesne) was besieged by Delawares, Wyandots, and Shawnees, General Amherst despatched Colonel Henry Bouquet from Philadelphia to its relief. As Bouquet advanced, the Indians watched his movements, and, temporarily raising the siege of Fort Pitt, planned the annihilation of his force as he passed through a defile near Bushy Creek, a small stream about ten miles from Fort Pitt, where they had laid an ambuscade for him. Bouquet, however, was on the alert and ready for any emergency. As his advance guard emerged from the pass, the terrible war-whoop of the savages resounded through the forest. His men instantly formed, and for seven hours the battle raged, until night fell upon the combatants. At grey dawn the infuriated Indians renewed the attack, but Bouquet, after several hours of grilling battle, posted some of his men in ambush, and feigned a retreat. The Indians rushed forward, only to be attacked with deadly effect on every side. They fled in consternation, and Bouquet's heroic men, gathering up their dead and wounded, marched in triumph from the battlefield of Bushy Run, or Edge Hill, to the relief of the besieged garrison. Pontiac at Detroit felt the force of the blow; and his hosts gradually melted away or sued for peace, leaving him but a handful of warriors with which to continue the siege.

In order to force a binding peace on the Delawares and the remote tribes who had conspired with Pontiac, two expeditions were sent against them in 1764. One was entrusted to Colonel Bradstreet, but he mismanaged it to such an extent as to jeopardize British rule in the Great Lake region. The other was entrusted to Colonel Bouquet, and accomplished its object. With 1,500 men Bouquet cautiously advanced through the trackless wilderness into the very heart of the Ohio country. On his approach the Indians hastened to send friendly messages, but Bouquet declined to treat with them, unless, as a pre-


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