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86   MILITARY HISTORY OF CANADA

calm's position on the Beauport shore, near the Montmorency. The failure of this attempt, due to the impetuosity of the small force of grenadiers, who were the first to land, entailed a loss of from 450 to 500 men killed and wounded, and convinced Wolfe that it was impossible to succeed by a frontal attack.

Perplexed and worried at the difficulties which his task involved, Wolfe was stricken with fever. While still confined to his quarters, he summoned a council of war, and discussed the question of bringing the campaign to a decisive issue. In a report to this council, dated September 2nd, the General stated that he had given his approval to a proposal that a corps of 4,000 or 5,000 men be despatched above the town, in the hope of drawing the enemy from their intrenched position and bringing them to action. In furtherance of this design, the naval force above Quebec was steadily reinforced, and Montcahn, on his side, despatched additional reinforcements to Bougainville. On September 3rd, the British troops which had been encamped near the Falls of Montmorency were transported to the island of Orleans, and from there to Point Levis, the French making no effort to interfere with the movement.

About this time, Wolfe received Amherst's communication explaining the slow but successful progress of the Lake Champlain campaign. The news had also reached the French headquarters, and Levis, with several hundred men, was sent to Montreal to make arrangements for its defence, with instructions to co-operate with Bourlamaque on the Richelieu and Lake Champlain.

From September 5th, Bougainville and his detachment were kept in a state of anxiety and perplexity by the constant movement of the British shipping above Quebec. Several times British ships came to anchor, and the troops they carried were placed in the small boats, as if to effect a landing, but this was done partly to deceive the French and partly to train the troops.

By September 10th, Wolfe had matured a plan of action


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