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84   MILITARY HISTORY OF CANADA

the intrenched line was protected by batteries of guns and mortars, located on the ascending steeps forming the north and northwest slope of the promontory upon which Quebec stands. On the north shore above Quebec the natural defences had been strengthened by a battery or two, a few guards, and a strong patrolling force. The bulk of the army, to the number of 10,000 men, was stationed behind the intrenchments along the Beauport shore. Within the walls of the city, 600 or 700 men, mostly armed citizens and militia, with Colony Troops and sailors to work the, guns, constituted the garrison. Arrangements had also been made for the transport of supplies in convoys of barges and boats from depots established at Montreal.

Montcalm fixed his own headquarters near the centre of the Beauport line of intrenchments, having with him the greater part of the regulars, including the La Sarre, Royal Roussillon, Languedoc, Guienne, and Beam regiments, under the command of Senezergues, as Brigadier-General, and next in military rank to Levis. On the right were stationed the militia of the districts of Quebec and Three Rivers; while the left wing, under Levis and Bougainville, was composed of militia of Montreal city and district, about 4,000 strong. A mobile reserve of upwards of 2,000 Colony Troops and Indians, and a body of 350 horse-men, specially organized for the campaign, was placed on the ascending ground in rear of the centre.

One of the three brigades of Wolfe's army, including a portion of the artillery, landed on the south shore of the St. Lawrence, near Point Levis, to erect batteries for bombarding the city. This brigade, commanded by General Monckton, included the 15th, 43rd, 48th, and 78th regiments, and a portion of the corps of light infantry and rangers, all told about 3,050 men. The brigade had to march some distance through the forest and along the shore, where several encounters, attended with loss on both sides, occurred between the English light troops and the Canadians and Indians, and several


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