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between them. Vaudreuil considered the commander of the forces over-rated as a general, and too exacting and unjust towards the Colony Troops, the Canadian militia, and the Indians. Montcalm, on the other hand, looked upon the Governor as vacillating and irresolute, the tool of corrupt civil officials. Again, the officers and men of the regular army had but little in common with the Colony Troops, while the members of both branches of the service held the militia in contempt. The internal conditions, therefore, were not altogether satisfactory.

In January, 1759, a census was taken of the population, which was found to amount to 82,000 souls. Of able-bodied males between the ages of sixteen and sixty about 15,000 were enrolled as militia, the Quebec district having 7,500, Montreal 6,400, and Three Rivers the remainder. The regular troops, consisting of French regiments and Colony Troops, amounted to about 6,000.

For the local marine and transport service, two frigates of thirty-two and thirty-six guns respectively, and half a dozen smaller vessels, mounting from twenty to twenty-four guns each, were available at Quebec, together with a sufficient number of bateaux, boats and rafts. On Lake Champlain there were several armed vessels, besides small craft required for the transport of troops and stores; and on Lakes Erie and Ontario, notwithstanding the destruction wrought by Bradstreet at Fort Frontenac, a few vessels were still left.'

In the month of May General Amherst concentrated at Albany and Fort Edward the troops for the Lake Champlain operations. In his advance into that region, he followed the route taken by Abercromby the year before —from Fort Edward to the head of Lake George, thence to its outlet, in bateaux and on rafts, thence overland to Ticonderoga. Profiting by the disasters experienced by Braddock, Dieskau, and Abercromby, he proceeded with great caution. His column was preceded by scouts, and

1 See footnote, p. 76.

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