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THE STRUGGLE FOR CANADA   73

three of the remaining French warships were destroyed by fire, and two days later British sailors cut out the two still left, the Bienfaisant and Pendant. Under the vigorous fire of the British batteries, the defences were slowly but surely being battered down, when, on the 26th, the last gun defending the land side of the place having been silenced, a white flag was displayed over a breach in the Dauphin's Bastion. As a result of the ensuing parley, Governor Drucour surrendered the fortress on the following day, and, as soon as possible, the entire garrison, including 5,637 officers, soldiers, and sailors, was trans-ported to England as prisoners of war. The surrender included the whole of Cape Breton and Isle St. Jean.

Drucour had prolonged the defence as long as possible, in the hope of preventing Amherst from detaching a reinforcement to the British army on Lake Champlain in time for it to be of use before the close of the season, and in this he succeeded. This army, under command of General Abercromby, with Lord Howe as his brigadier, was mobilized at and about Albany. As soon as the necessary supplies arrived from France in the spring of 1758, General Montcalm concentrated all his troops at Lake Champlain. He had concerted with Governor de Vaudreuil his plan for opposing Abercromby's advance northward, which, it was understood, was to be directed upon Montreal if the positions at Ticonderoga and Crown Point were carried early enough in the season. Arriving at Ticonderoga on June 30th, Montcalm found that the troops already there, together with a corps on its way under Levis, would total between 3,500 and 4,000 men, most of them veterans.

The British had already reached Lake George. They numbered more than 16,000, including 9,000 colonial troops, with 500 Iroquois under Sir William Johnson, and some 7,000 regulars. More than 1,000 boats and barges had been prepared near the site of Fort William Henry, and in these they embarked and crossed to the north end of Lake George. It had been determined in council at


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