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THE STRUGGLE FOR CANADA   65

Scotia. Two or three frigates also entered the Bay of Fundy to co-operate. Charles Lawrence, Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia, placed the forces at his command under Colonel Monckton, who moved with a portion of them against the French forts at the head of the Bay of Fundy. Fort Beausejour on the south side of the Isthmus of Chignecto, and Fort Gaspereaux, on Bay Verte on the north side, surrendered with scarcely a show of resistance. The entire isthmus thus fell into the hands of the English.

The expedition of Braddock into the Ohio Valley resulted in disaster, his main force being defeated on July 9th at the crossing of the Monongahela river by a party of Canadian Colony Troops, militia, and Indians, under a regular officer, Captain de Beaujeu. Braddock was mortally wounded, and half of his men were killed or wounded. The retirement of the beaten army developed into a disgraceful rout, cannon and baggage being abandoned.

Shirley was in command of the expedition whose objective was Fort Niagara, but while on his way through the territory of the Iroquois towards Lake Ontario, news reached him of Braddock's defeat and death. This discouraged his followers, intimidated the Iroquois from joining him, and disarranged his plans to such an extent that he abandoned his enterprise.

The expedition against Crown Point was placed under command of General (afterwards Sir William) Johnson of New York, and was concentrated at the head of the Hudson river, where Fort Lyman was erected as a base. This completed, and a garrison of several hundred men being left to guard it, the army of about 2,200 soldiers and 300 Indians, advanced to the south shore of Lake George, where Johnson established it in a well-selected position. As a French force, under General Dieskau, had been despatched from Quebec by way of the Riche-lieu river to defend Crown Point, General Johnson judged it prudent to advance no farther at present


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