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56   MILITARY HISTORY OF CANADA

Late in 1709, information reached Canada that several regiments were to be sent from England to unite with a force raised in Massachusetts and Rhode Island for an attack upon Quebec, while another army levied in New York and the other colonies was to advance by way of Lake Champlain against Montreal. When all was ready in the English colonies, the troops promised from England were sent elsewhere and the expedition against Quebec was abandoned. But the movement from New York had actually begun, and Colonel Francis Nichol-son with a considerable number of colonial troops and a large body of Iroquois, won to the British cause by gifts and rum, advanced towards Lake Champlain, with the intention of first capturing Fort Chambly, and then falling upon Montreal. But the expedition got no further than Lake Champlain.

On October 6th, 1710, a British naval force from Boston, including 400 British Marines, and four New England regiments, the whole commanded by Nicholson, now a general, captured Port Royal in Acadia, the French garrison under Subercase capitulating, and the name of the place being changed to Annapolis, in honour of Queen Anne. On his return from Annapolis, General Nicholson went to England to urge the Government to persevere in its determination to drive the French from North America. His application was supported by a petition of the New York Legislature, presented by Colonel Schuyler. This appeal set forth that: "The French penetrate all the country behind your Majesty's plantations among numerous tribes of Indians; they send agents and priests with toys and trifles, next traders, then soldiers, and finally build forts among them." The British ministry acceded to the requests of the colonists, and a powerful fleet under Admiral Hovenden Walker, conveying five regiments of marines, was despatched to Boston in the summer of 1711. At the end of July this armament sailed for the St. Lawrence to effect the capture of Quebec. At the same time a land force of regulars and


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