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THE SOLDIER GOVERNOR   49

impetuously, and were repulsed with considerable loss. Taking time to reconnoitre, they repeated the attack with greater fury and succeeded in dislodging the French. Then ensued one of the hottest and most stubborn fights ever known in Canada. In the excitement, bushranger, coureur de bois, and Indians forgot their customary tactics, and came to hand to hand fighting. Eventually Schuyler's forces fought their way through their enemies, and then turned and attacked them from the rear, driving them back some distance. They then continued their march towards their canoes, which they had left on the Richelieu, carrying their wounded, but leaving forty dead on the field of battle.

Above Three Rivers, constant attack made it almost impossible for the habitants to cultivate their farms. Fields were sown only by the united help of the whole community. The inhabitants of a parish would band together and pass from farm to farm putting in the crops, some of them acting as sentinels in the adjacent woods. Occasionally parties of regulars were detailed to assist the settlers in this way. A typical incident of the perils and heroism of this pioneer period is the defence of "Castle Dangerous," when Magdeleine de Vercheres, the fourteenyear-old daughter of a former officer of the Carignan-Salieres Regiment, with the assistance of two soldiers, a man of eighty, and her two young brothers, held at bay for a week a large party of Iroquois. Her conduct won for her the title of Heroine of New France.

In 1693, Frontenac learned that the New England colonies were preparing, with the aid of a fleet from England, to make another formidable attempt upon Quebec by sea. The Governor at once set to work to prepare for the threatened attack. At Quebec new redoubts were constructed, and the means of defence further improved by the completion of gateways surmounted by battlements at the two western points of exit, the gates of St. John and St. Louis. But these preparations turned out to be unnecessary. An English fleet, under Admiral Wheeler,


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