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48   MILITARY HISTORY OF CANADA

prisoners. And so ended the great adventure against Canada by way of Montreal.

In 1691, mainly with the object of encouraging their Indian allies, the English of New York raised a war party at Albany to conduct a raid in the direction of Montreal. Major Peter Schuyler was placed in command, having under him 120 English and Dutch settlers, 80 Mohawks, and 66 Mohegans. Scouts having brought warning of the approach of this party, Callieres had crossed the St. Lawrence to Laprairie with two small battalions of Colony Troops and a number of Canadians and Indians, in all from 700 to 800 men. The regulars encamped in an open field near a small fort, while the Canadians and Indians occupied the fort or were stationed near the river bank. Early one morning during a drizzling rain, Schuyler attacked Callieres' force. His men crept up until within striking distance of the Canadian position. A sentry observed them, gave the alarm, and fled, being followed by the New Yorkers to the gate of the fort. In the first onset some of the Indians and Canadians who were resting under their canoes on the beach were killed. The regular troops, roused by the alarm, sprang to arms, but were met by a volley that laid fifty of them low, the rest falling back upon the fort in disorder. Rallying, they attacked the invaders, and Schuyler withdrew his men to a neighbouring ravine, where he was able to make a successful stand, repeatedly driving his assailants back. This had all taken place in the darkness or early dawn, and by the time it was bright daylight the New York men, having inflicted what they considered a severe blow upon the French, slowly fell back towards the Richelieu river.

In their retreat Schuyler's force fell in with 160 French regulars and Canadians and about 100 Indians, under command of Valrenne, an officer of ability. Valrenne had prepared an ambush near Chambly, which almost proved successful; for Schuyler's men, underrating the enemy's strength and ignorant of his dispositions, charged


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