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THE SOLDIER GOVERNOR   47

the autumn storms destroyed a number of the vessels and many seamen and soldiers found watery graves. Between battle, shipwreck, and small-pox Phips lost about 1,000 men, and accomplished nothing.

Very poor progress was made at Albany with the arrangements for the overland expedition to Montreal. New York was to provide most of the men, but Massachusetts and Connecticut had agreed to send contingents, and the whole expedition was placed under command of a Connecticut officer, Fitz-John Winthrop. Massachusetts, fearing for her frontiers, failed to send her quota, and Winthrop at the head of only 200 or 300 Connecticut men reached Albany to find everything in confusion; but after perfecting as much organization as possible, he set out towards Montreal. On reaching Wood Creek at the southern extremity of Lake Champlain, he had to halt for supplies. While encamped at this spot, small-pox and dysentery broke out in the force, and disagreements occurred with the Mohawk, Oneida, and Mohegan Indians accompanying the expedition. Difficulties arose between the Connecticut and New York men, and those from the latter colony quarrelled among themselves. Then a lack of canoes caused a serious transportation problem.

Winthrop decided to abandon his enterprise, and re-turned to Albany with the main body of the survivors of his force, nearly all of them sick. But Captain John Schuyler, the mayor of Albany, with a small party comprising most of the healthy men, proceeded to Canada on a minor raid, and attacked the village of Laprairie, opposite Montreal. Frontenac quite recently had been encamped here with a considerable force in anticipation of an overland attack from Albany, but had broken up his camp to proceed to Quebec, word having reached him of Phips' arrival in the Lower St. Lawrence. Schuyler declined to attack a small fort established at Laprairie by Frontenac, and contented himself with burning a number of farmhouses, killing some cattle, and making a few


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