tween 400 and 500, was a fortified station, Fort Loyal, on Casco Bay, the site of the present city of Portland. Great hardships were encountered in the wilderness journey, and four months elapsed between Portneuf's departure from Quebec and his arrival at Casco Bay. The de-fences of Fort Loyal consisted of a palisaded work, with eight cannon, and four block-houses. The fort and block-houses were occupied by 100 men, chiefly settlers of the neighbourhood, under Captain Sylvanus Davis, a local trader. Davis tried to keep his men within their de-fences, but he was unable to enforce his commands, and thirty, acting on their own initiative, made a sortie, but, falling into an ambush, they were all either killed or taken prisoners. That night the whole force of the settlement was concentrated in Fort Loyal.
Portneuf now summoned Davis to surrender, but his offers were refused and the siege was undertaken with vigour. Two or three days were spent by the raiders in sapping their way to within striking distance of the walls of the little fort. When they had achieved this, Davis considered that further resistance would be folly and the garrison surrendered on Portneuf's terms, which included the right of those in the fort to proceed to the nearest English settlement. But after the capitulation the place was apparently abandoned to the Indians. Some thirty of the settlers were killed and some seventy men and a large number of women and children taken prisoners. After burning all the buildings and demolishing the defences, the invaders retired into Canada, reaching Quebec towards the end of June.
Frontenac found that while, on the whole, the three expeditions had been successful, ruthless violence was not the way to strike terror into the hearts of Anglo-Saxons. He soon learned that the New England colonies were pre-paring to exact revenge for the blood shed by the three Canadian war parties. These border forays had created a grim determination to destroy French power in North America. New York and the New England colonies