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40   MILITARY HISTORY OF CANADA

sleep, some sixty persons were slain, as many taken prisoner, and the village committed to the flames. The only resistance offered was at the block-house, where Talmage and his men put up a stiff fight until the doors were battered down. The Indians and Canadians then rushed in and the defenders were either killed or made prisoners. The Canadians lost only two men in this attack, but on their retreat they were pursued by a party of Mohawks, accompanied by fifty young men from Albany, and before they reached Montreal, their losses amounted to no fewer than twenty.

The second of Frontenac's war parties, that which left Three Rivers to raid the New Hampshire frontier, was commanded by Francois Hertel, and included twenty-four Canadians and about an equal number of Indians. This party proceeded southward, via the St. Francis and Connecticut rivers, and reached Salmon Falls, now Portsmouth, on the 27th of March. This settlement was surprised in a similar manner to Schenectady. Some thirty of the inhabitants were killed, and the number of prisoners taken exceeded the force of the invaders. The village was looted, the domestic animals slain, and the torch applied to the buildings. As Hertel and his men were retiring, they were overtaken by 140 frontiersmen at Wooster river. Making a stand at a bridge-head, the French party beat back the English, killing or wounding a number of them and then continued their homeward journey without further molestation.

The third expedition, raised in Quebec to attack the settlements along the frontier of Maine, was placed under the command of a Quebec officer named Portneuf, who had as his principal lieutenant another Canadian named Courtemanche. This party consisted of fifty Canadians and some sixty Abnaki Indians. On their march along the Chaudiere and Kennebec rivers, they were reinforced by more Abnaki, and by the Three Rivers men, whom they met on their way back from their raid on Salmon Falls. The objective of this force, now numbering be-


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