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to a man, within sight of the garrison. A state of terror prevailed until the Iroquois, glutted with murder and laden with plunder, retired to their cantons, carrying with them a large number of prisoners.

Denonville had proved himself a hopeless failure and was recalled. Count Frontenac, the only man capable of retrieving the situation was reappointed Governor of Canada, and landed at Quebec amid popular rejoicings, October 15th, 1689, to find before him a most formidable task. Not only were the Iroquois causing very serious concern, but the English colonists to the south were now avowed enemies, for, in the previous May, Louis XIV, as an ally of the dethroned King James II, had declared war upon William of Orange. The English, however, were at a military disadvantage. All military authority in New France was in the hands of one man; in the English colonies there was no unity of purpose, and what authority was grudgingly acknowledged was distributed between several governors and as many popular assemblies.

Frontenac was much chagrined to learn that Denonville had ordered the evacuation and destruction of Fort Frontenac. He instantly equipped twenty-five canoes, with provisions and ammunition and an escort of 300 men, to hurry to the fort. But Frontenac was too late. M. de Varennes, the commandant of the fort, arrived at Lachine with his garrison while the relief force was still there, having destroyed the defences, ammunition, and provisions.

Frontenac now devoted his attention to maturing a plan for dealing with the Iroquois question, and for retaliating upon the English colonies, which he considered largely responsible for the Indian incursions. He finally decided that by a series of surprise raids against the frontier of the British colonies, he would give an exhibition of military efficiency which would have a salutary effect on the Iroquois, demoralize the English colonists, and restore the morale of the people of Canada. The condition of the colony admitted of no delay, and, as soon as the Iro-

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