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36   MILITARY HISTORY OF CANADA

could not long be delayed. At this moment, d'Iberville sent Bridgar to the commander of the fort, Henry Sargeant, with a flag of truce. Sargeant had done his best, it would have been folly to renew the fight, and so, after brief negotiations, Fort Albany was handed over to the French.

In 1686, with the intention of preventing strife in the Northern wilderness, the Kings of France and England signed a treaty stipulating the neutrality of colonies even in the event of war in Europe, but it was ignored by the rival fur traders. In the following year d'Iberville once more proceeded to Hudson Bay and seized a couple of Hudson's Bay Company's vessels. In 1688, this active officer attacked and captured a fort established by the Company at New Severn. The same year the English despatched two ships to Fort Albany for the purpose of retaking that place, but d'Iberville succeeded in capturing the crews of both vessels, and in one of the ships, deeply laden with furs, sailed in triumph for Quebec. By the close of 1688 Fort Nelson was the only surviving English fortified post on Hudson Bay.

In 1688-89, the Indian trouble, which had been brewing since Denonville's expedition into the Seneca country, reached a bloody climax. During a violent thunder-storm on August 9th, 1689, the Iroquois, 1,400 strong, made a surprise onslaught upon the island of Montreal. The settlements on the borders of Lake St. Louis were at-tacked and many men, women, and children were ruthlessly killed or made captives. The whole island, excepting the fortified posts into which the soldiers and colonists threw themselves for protection, and out of which they dared not move, continued in the occupation of the Iroquois for more than two months. In one of these posts, Fort Roland, the Chevalier de Vaudreuil remained shut up with a considerable garrison under strict orders from Denonville on no account to risk action in the open. In consequence, some soldiers and Indians, coming to reinforce, or take shelter in, the fort, were killed almost


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