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32   MILITARY HISTORY OF CANADA

put to flight, their retirement occasioning some disorder in the ranks of the formed battalions of the main body. Denonville and some of his senior officers rallied their men and eventually won a victory at the cost of eleven killed and twenty wounded. The Senecas retired into the forest, leaving twenty-seven dead on the field, and Denonville with his army moved upon the nearest stockaded village, which after a brief resistance was set on fire by its inhabitants, who sought shelter in the forest. Stores of Indian corn and a large number of hogs were found; these were destroyed or appropriated. After a halt of about ten days, Denonville judged it expedient to retire, as there was no enemy tc fight, and the troops had been attacked by dysentery, due to indulging too freely in the Senecas' fresh pork and green corn.

Before returning to Montreal, Denonville proceeded west with his whole force, and, near the mouth of the Niagara river, on the right bank, a fort was constructed and left in charge of 100 men. Denonville attached much importance to the establishment of this fort, as the proposal to build it was one of the causes of the trouble with the Senecas, and he considered it a notice to the Senecas and to the English colonists that his expedition had accomplished its object. Unfortunately the pro-visions left to supply the garrison were bad, and the result was an epidemic of dysentery and scurvy, which caused the death or incapacity of most of the officers and men. The position became so desperate that, much to Denonville's annoyance, the survivors abandoned the fort.

The effects of this campaign were disastrous to the Senecas, who were reduced to about one-half their former number by famine and disease. Moreover, their discomfiture disarranged for a season the plans of the English traders among the Western tribes. But the more immediately beneficial effects to the French were soon afterwards neutralized by renewed activity on the part of the Iroquois, who endeavoured to revenge themselves by invading the colony and ravaging the


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