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THE SOLDIER GOVERNOR   31

constructed a small stone fort near the mouth of the river Genesee, to serve as a protection for the boats and bateaux, and a place of refuge in case of disaster. Here the reinforcements of western Indians joined the expedition, raising the strength to 2,000 men. Leaving 400 men to guard his newly established base, Denonville advanced into the enemy territory. The Governor was in supreme command, his chief of staff being Philippe de Rigaud, Chevalier de Vaudreuil, who had recently arrived in Canada with a reinforcement of 800 Colony Troops.

The Canadians and the regulars were each organized into four battalions of about equal numerical strength. Friendly Indians and some of the coureurs de bois were assigned scouting and flanking duties, and the whole vanguard of 800 or 900 coureurs de bois and Indians was commanded by Louis Hector de Callieres, Governor of Montreal, one of the most capable officers of the country. Behind these came the main body, Canadians and regular battalions alternating. The regulars were in their usual white regimentals, the Canadians in their ordinary attire of coarse cloth or buckskin, with little or no attempt at uniformity. Among the seigneurs were Berthier, Lavaltrie, Grandville, and Longueuilmen whose names are perpetuated in Canada to-day by thriving settlements on the banks of the St. Lawrence.

The march through the thick forest proved a very trying one to the troops, burdened as they were with thirteen days' rations, besides their arms, ammunition, and equipment. It was the middle of July, the heat was intense, the flies almost unbearable, and on the first day only ten miles were accomplished. On the second day, as the column was approaching the first fortified post of the Senecas, the advance party under Callieres, when about fifteen miles southeast of the present city of Rochester, was suddenly fired upon from all sides by a body of 800 warriors. At the first impetuous onset of the Senecas, the western allies of the French were speedily


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