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Niagara. One of the officers of the Colony Troops was Baron la Hontan, the historian of the expedition. The force was transported from Montreal in flat-boats and birch-bark canoes. The regulars were assigned to the boats, but the task of rowing them up the rivers and carrying them over the portages seems to have been allotted to the Canadians.

From Fort Frontenac La Barre crossed to the south shore and landed at a point a short distance east of Oswego, long afterwards known as La Famine, on account of the force suffering greatly from lack of food. A quantity of the supplies had been lost in the rapids while being taken up the St. Lawrence, and more were found to be badly damaged. At this juncture, deputies arrived from the Iroquois cantons. They expected to find La Bane at the head of a powerful army, but sickness among his troops and lack of food had forced him to send all save a guard homeward. When the Indians found the Govern-or surrounded only by a small body of pale and emaciated men they became contemptuous and defiant, and flatly refused to accede to the request of the French that they should forego further operations against the Illinois. But they made a few trifling concessions, and on the strength of these, La Barre came to terms with them, and concluded a peace which his principal officers, all the Canadians, and also his Indian allies, considered most inglorious.

The French Government had looked to the Governor to administer severe chastisement upon the Iroquois, and his failure to do so led to his recall. La Barre was succeeded in office in 1685 by the Marquis de Denonville, a peculiar combination of colonel of dragoons and religious enthusiast. Denonville brought with him from France 350 soldiers as reinforcements for the Colony Troops, the remnant of 500 who had embarked with him in France. An attack of scurvy accounted for the remainder.

Denonville found a difficult situation confronting him, for the English of New York were pressing their claims to

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