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26   MILITARY HISTORY OF CANADA

aqui. The savages demanded that the meeting should take place at Chouagen (Oswego). The Governor rejected this proposal, and, when the Iroquois subsequently expressed their willingness to proceed to Cataraqui, Frontenac haughtily declared that in view of their tin-friendly attitude, he would go no farther to meet them than Montreal. In the end the stern Governor, who understood the Indian temperament admirably, had his way, and a great meeting was held at Montreal in 1680, at which the Iroquois, while professing friendship for the French and acceding to most of Frontenac's demands, would not agree to cease hostilities with the Illinois. The relations between the Five Nations and the French colony consequently remained on an uncertain footing. Affairs were in this state when misunderstandings between Frontenac and the Intendant, Jacques Duchesneau, brought about the recall of both to France in 1682.

Immediately following the departure of Frontenac, there succeeded a period of renewed trouble with the Iroquois, who had been kept in restraint by the Governor's dominating personality. Encouraged by Colonel Dongan, Governor of New York, they proclaimed themselves allies of the English, disputed the territorial claims of the French, and renewed their attacks upon the Illinois and other tribes friendly to them. The Senecas were the leaders in this trouble, and Le Febvre de la Barre, who had succeeded Frontenac as Governor, not being able to bring the savages to reason, prepared for war. He convoked at Quebec an assembly of the leading men of the colony to consider raising a military force. Under the law, every male inhabitant was eligible for military service; siegneurs, tenants, and officials holding their lands, leases, and positions on the condition that they might be called upon to assist in the defence of the country. During the Iroquois raids, the settlers and traders had, up to this time, spontaneously and unhesitatingly placed their services at the disposal of the military authorities. But with an increase of population and the growth of the mer-


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