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who had been held in captivity were released. Tracy, his task accomplished, left Canada for France in the autumn of 1667, and for the following eighteen years New France was saved from the scourge of Indian war.

In 1669, the Carignan-Salieres Regiment was disbanded, most of those composing it settling in Canada. Talon, the capable Intendant, recognizing the splendid qualities of the men of the regiment, projected the plan of dividing the colony into fiefs or seigniories, which were to be granted as far as possible to men of military experience and other special qualifications. Seigniories were granted to the principal officers of the Carignan-Salieres Regiment, such as Berthier, Sorel, Boucherville, Contrecceur, Varennes, and St. Ours, and the non-commissioned officers and men became tenants under their former officers, each common soldier receiving a gift of 100 francs, each sergeant 150 francs.

During the preceding few years the colony had grown rapidly, having more than doubled in population. Under the influence of a sound system of military protection, new settlements had sprung up along the St. Lawrence and Richelieu rivers, and the island of Montreal in particular had witnessed the establishment of villages around its shores. These were practically the most remote outposts of New France. Adventurous explorers proceeding thence advanced some distance into the interior of the country, and when Courcelles and Talon returned to France in 1672, the establishment of forts far west of the island of Montreal had been projected, and the permanency of the colony of New France seemed assured.


While the struggle against primitive nature and savage men was taking place along the St. Lawrence, a little colony was battling for existence down in Acadia. In 1604 Pierre du Guast, Comte de Monts, who had been granted a monopoly of the trading rights in New France, made a disastrous attempt at establishing a settlement on an island in the St. Croix river in New Brunswick.

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