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imports of undressed fur skins as 82,327,101 rabbit skins, value $3,675,-483; 333,033 seal skins, value $1,491,573; and 18,515,682 other skins, value $15,390,209. In 1909, when the total number of undressed rabbit skins imported was 66,135,374, valued at $2,548,537, the countries supplying the larger quantities were: Germany, 39,462; Belgium, 11,-255,772; France, 3,845,158; Australia, 43,442,559; New Zealand, 7,379, 960. Of the undressed seal skins imported in that year the United States furnished 24,556, Russia, 27,980; Norway, 60,694; Japan (including Formosa), 11,39S; Cape of Good Hope, 15,061; Newfoundland and Labrador, 126,796; the total imports amounting to 288,055 skins, valued at $1,328,219. Undressed unclassified skins aggregated 17,960,661, and had an import value of $11,285,180; of these the United States supplied 6,426,851; Russia, 750,868; Germany, 3,370,525; China (exclusive of Hong Kong, Macao, and Wei-hai-wei), 507,637; Japan (including Formosa), 85,692; Chili, 46,558; France, 47,754; Austraila, 5,499,814 and Canada, 987,321. Dressed rabbit skins numbering 537,051 and valued at $80,098; 18,608 dressed seal skins, value $490,339; and 4,856,818 dressed skins, not classified in the customs returns but having a value of $4,318,688, were also imported into the United Kingdom during 1909, as well as manufactures of skins and furs (including skin rugs) worth $5,005,122, thus giving a grand total for the 1909 imports of dressed and undressed furs and manufactures of furs and skins of $25,056,183   

"Of late years some big firms, notably one French house,

French   with branches in London and the United States, and sev-

eral American houses located in Philadelphia and else-

where, have been dealing direct with the trappers, thus avoiding the London auction sales altogether. The French firm is a determined competitor of the great Hudson's Bay Co. in its own territory, and with ships and frontier stores is making a serious effort to obtain a portion of the Canadian fur trade. This firm does a wholesale and retail business, but offers no skins at auction. The Hudson's Bay Co. sells all its furs at public auction in London through the firm of C. M. Lamp-son & Co. The extensive buying of the American dealers in Siberia threatens to entirely nullify the importance of the Russian-Siberian fairs as fur marts.

"England maintains its position as the skin dyeing and dressing centre of the world, despite many attempts that have been made to wrest away this supremacy. The French, especially, wet e determined competitors and at one time had secured a fail share of the business. One of the leading dyers of Cleat Britain told me that five years ago the French business amounted to about 25 per cent. of the whole, and

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