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FUR-FARMING IN CANADA   67

life. It was placed on a hot water bottle, where it soon revived and
began to squeal. Mrs. Judge administered milk with a medicine drop-
per and it soon settled down and went into a healthy sleep. When it
awoke, the medicine dropper was again brought into use; and, later
on, it learned to nurse one end of a bunch of cotton, the other end of
which was immersed in milk. It improved steadily on a milk diet
until it was three weeks old. It then grew less ravenous, probably as
a result of overfeeding, and, at times, refused to nurse. At the age of
four weeks it died. Its eyes opened on the 15th day. When brought in,
it weighed 2 1-4 ounces; when three weeks old it weighed six ounces.
"White foxes are occasionally found in litters of blue.

Reduced Number There is no record of a litter of white foxes. As the of White Foxes

white skins are of comparatively little value, continued

effort to exterminate white foxes has been pursued since 1897. Every white fox entering the trap since that time has been killed at once and, in addition, the natives are permitted to shoot them any time during the winter. The total number killed in 1897 was 40, in 1898 it was 18, and since that time the number killed per year has varied between 6 and 12, with the exception of the winter of 1903-1904, when 15 were killed. Last winter 8 white skins were secured, but Major Clark, who was then in charge of St. George, says that only three of these were pure white, the others being either marred or mottled with faint blue spots. During the summer of 1906 Mr. Chichester observed a number of foxes that were part blue and part white. After September, he saw but one of these and therefore concluded that as winter approached the parti-coloured coats became white.

"Evidence of disease among foxes on the island is scanty. Diseases   Foxes found dead at any season are always autopsied, the

local physician assisting, but it is seldom that the cause of death can be definitely ascertained. Dr. Mills and I found a fox in spasms, which on post mortem was found to have been suffering from uremic poisoning. One death was due to hemorrhage of the kidney, and another to tuberculosis. This latter case was found by us on May 28, 1905. The animal was a female, 3 years old, carrying one brand. She was void of fat and weighed not more than 4 pounds. The loss of flesh had occurred since the time of trapping, a few months previous. Tubercular nodules were found in both lungs. Death, on one occasion, resulted from a sack of pus which had formed on the intestine. Another dead fox showed all the organs normal except one of the kidneys, which was atrophied.

 

 

"Mr. Chichester reports three dying of kidney disease and one of


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