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FUR-FARMING IN CANADA   23

at any time a red fox may appear among the other silvers in a litter. Few cases of red or cross pups among litters of silver pups were re-corded, and no absolutely reliable evidence that any were found was submitted; but the general opinion seemed to favour the statement that an occasional red pup appeared. Any breeder of silvers who had such impure foxes in his pens would be likely to conceal the fact by killing or removing the red pups. Silver foxes can be produced of good silver colour by top-crossing cross foxes with silver for several generations and, if the silver foxes used in the crossing had ancestors of cross foxes, the probability is that a proportion of red, bastard, and cross foxes would appear among their offspring. All evidence tends to show, how-ever, that very few, if any, with red colour on them are produced, and it is clearly demonstrated that the blackness of foxes can be made practically permanent by top-crossing to silvers. After mixing up red, cross and silver foxes for several generations, it is practically impossible to estimate the kind of pups that will come. Litters were seen that had red pups, cross pups and silver pups in them.

Beyond a doubt, the finest foxes in captivity are the

The Best   descendants of foxes captured in Prince Edward Island.

Furred Foxes The best foxes, therefore, belong to the geographical species, vulpes rubricosa; or, what is affirmed—and is not impossible—the Prince Edward Island fox, because it has been cut off from the mainland, is a distinct sub-species or geographical race. No cranial and other measurements have yet been secured. If scientists admit the fact of its difference from the mainland species, a new name, vulpes abegweit, could be chosen—Abegweit being the Micmac Indian name for Prince Edward Island.

As London sales show that silver and red foxes from Prince Ed-ward Island have been sold for the highest prices, the evidence seems to bear out the assumption of its superiority. Red foxes have, in some cases, sold for 80 shillings. Twenty-three red fox skins from Prince Edward Island, marketed in London in 1910, by one man, were sold for £68 sterling, or an average of $14.39 each. Other vendors claimed to have received as much as 88 shillings each, but no documentary proo was produced.

When black colour phases of such animals are captured, they are usually of excellent quality in fineness and colour of coat. The ancestors of the highest priced foxes were dug out of dens, as a general rule situated on Prince Edward Island.

One instance of the capturing of wild foxes may be quoted, as the ailver blood procured on this occasion flows strong in the highest priced snimals of the present time. Two residents of Bedeque, P.E.I., had


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