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14   COMMISSION OF CONSERVATION

system of double mating. Large quantities of salmon, lobsters and game were caught for food for the foxes, while horse meat was occasionally brought from Quebec city. He augmented his stock with native Quebec wild foxes and conducted feeding experiments with red foxes. Careful selection has improved his strain until they grade dark silver throughout.

Authentic reports state that Mr. Menier, who owns Anticosti island, has attempted to breed foxes there, and has set at liberty silver and patched foxes to grade up the colour of the wild fox.

Mr. Burrowman is a fur-buyer who, at an early date

An Ontario   recognized the possibilities of domesticating fur-bearers.

Experimenter He kept foxes in captivity twenty-two years; but did not successfully rear young to maturity until about ten years ago, because, prior to that time, he kept more than one pair in a single pen. He may be called the father of the Ontario fox-ranching business. The only assistance he obtained was from the late Dr. Robertson of Fox-croft, Me.

The placing of the fox-raising industry on a commercial

Dalton   basis is due to the efforts of Charles Dalton, of Tignish,
and Oulton

p E I., and his former partner, Robert T. Oulton,

formerly of Alberton, P.E.I., but now of Little Shemogue, N.B. Dalton began experimenting about 1887, with red foxes, which he kept in a shed at Nail Pond. Later, he bought two pairs of silver foxes from neighbouring districts and from Anticosti island and continued his experiments with indifferent success for about ten years. During that time, Oulton was also experimenting with foxes, having bought a silver fox from Mr. Gibbs of Lot 5, and a pair of silvers from a Mr. Pope of Anticosti island. All Anticosti foxes were subsequently slaughtered because they did not come up to the requisite standard of quality.

One of their chief concerns was keeping off prying neighbours from their ranch premises. While Beetz had little difficulty with neighbours, the obtaining of a sufficient food supply was a matter that gave no little trouble. Dalton and Oulton were more fortunate in their food supply as the thickly-settled farming country all about them sup-plied horse flesh and other cheap meat in abundance. Tallow, corn meal, fish, oat-meal, flour and butcher's waste were available in plenty and a very small outlay in cash procured a large supply.

Oulton pursued his work on Savage island, of which he was the sole inhabitant. He managed to impress the public with the necessity of keeping away from his ranch, and his pens, constructed within an outside enclosure a quarter acre in area, were the models for the present system of ranching. Dalton and Oulton joined interests in 1895 or thereabouts, and, together, worked out successfully the present


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