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FUR-FARMING IN CANADA   11

THREE ORDERS OF WILD CANADIAN MAMMALS AND THEIR
ECONOMIC USES

Order

Family

Species

Parts of Economic Use

Hoofed Animals

Deer

Elk

Flesh, hide, trophies

(hoofed; large)

 

Deer

a   a   u

 

 

Moose

6   ,   ,t

 

 

Caribou

 

 

Cattle

Bison or

 

 

 

Buffalo

6   ,(

Rodent

Squirrel

Squirrel

Pelt, flesh

(no canine teeth; 4

 

Chipmunk

Pelt

incisors only, ex-

 

Woodchuck

 

cept in rabbit)

Beaver

Canadian

 

 

 

Beaver

Pelt, flesh, castors

 

Mouse

Mice

 

 

 

Voles

 

 

 

Lemming

 

 

 

Muskrat

Pelt, flesh

 

Hare

Hare

Flesh, pelt, hair

Carnivora

Cat

Lynx

Pelt

(12 incisors; 4 large

 

Cat

 

canines; shearing

 

(domestic)

 

premolars)

 

Wild cat

 

 

Dog

Fox

,,

 

 

Wolf

 

 

 

Coyote

 

 

Weasel

Otter

 

 

(mustelidce)

 

 

 

 

Weasel

 

 

 

Mink

 

 

 

Marten

 

 

 

Fisher or

 

 

 

Pekan

 

 

 

Wolverine

 

 

 

Skunk

Pelt, oil and galls

 

 

Badger

Pelt, hair

 

Raccoon

Raccoon

Pelt, flesh

 

Bear

Bear

Flesh, pelt

 

Seal

Fur-seal

Pelt, oil, flesh

 

 

Hair-seal

Pelt, oil

It is desirable to breed the species producing the most

The Precious valuable fur rather than those whose fur does not bring Fur-Bearers

such a high price. The sea-otter, the silver fox, the

Russian sable and the chinchilla are the precious fur-bearers of modern


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