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FUR-FARMING IN CANADA   9

Reliable furriers, however, do not use the deceptive names

Frauds in   mentioned above. Many of the smaller furriers are

Selling Furs doubtless ignorant of the real names of their stock; but cheap advertisers are frequently guilty of misnaming. Many advertisers giving private addresses mislead the public; when a lady who is `going South' offers her new $150 Russian lynx set for $25, the conclusion may readily be reached that it is `doctored' rabbit. However, the enter-prise of furriers should not be wholly discouraged, as, otherwise, owing to the scarcity of really good fur, many ladies would have to appear in worsted scarfs and mitts for six months of the year. The pride they take in their `ermines', `foxes', and `chinchillas' and in their bargain `fishers' and black `marten' would probably be diminished if they knew they were only `doctored' rabbit, opossum and wallaby.

All these artifices of the fur dresser and the fur dealer Hunter-Trapper have failed, however, to compensate for the decreasing Age Passing   supply of fur of good quality. One fact stands out

prominently: the hunting and trapping of wild fur-bearing animals must give place to their domestication if the demand for furs is to be satisfied.

The hunter-trapper age has passed its zenith. With the demand exceeding the possible supply, more economical methods must be introduced and the supply must be increased. The tearing up of trapped animals by carnivorous mammals before the trapper can reach the traps is common and represents a great loss. The killing of animals whose pelts are not in prime condition represents a large annual loss of valuable fur. These and other wastes are eliminated when fur-bearers are domesticated.

The first step towards raising animals for their fur was

Domestic   taken years ago when karakule sheep—a domestic animal
Fur-Bearers

from which the Persian lamb and broadtail are obtained

began to be bred for its pelt. Up to recent years this animal was the only example of a valuable fur-bearer in captivity. It is a domestic animal merely, but, because of the difficulties in travelling, in language in knowledge of good stock, in quarantine laws and in remoteness of the district in which they flourish, it would be very difficult to secure specimens for breeding purposes. Latterly, exceedingly optimistic reports of successes in karakule `crosses' in Germany and the United States have been reported. If the Persian lamb can be produced in


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