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FORESTRY ON DOMINION LANDS   261

On September 17, 1887, the boundary of the application of the regulations obtaining in the Northwest Territories was shifted east-ward from the 120 meridian to Eagle pass at the summit of the Gold range, a few miles west of Revelstoke.

This multiplicity of regulations was simplified on September 17, 1889, by an order in council, by which the regulations governing the disposal of timber in Manitoba and the Northwest Territories were made to apply to the entire railway belt, except that west of Eagle pass the yearly rental was to be $32 instead of $5 per square mile (the rent charged in Manitoba and the Northwest Territories), and further, that a rebate of one-half the royalty, amounting to about 25 cents per thousand feet, would be allowed upon lumber exported to foreign countries. These two exceptions were in conformity with the provincial regulations. The rebate provision was cancelled in the following year, on the ground that towage to Vancouver on timber cut from Dominion lands was much lower than on timber from provincial lands. At the same time, licensees were given the option of paying the five per cent royalty either on the value of the lumber in the log, or at the period at which the manufactured lumber was sold. This amendment was found necessary owing to the impossibility of those holding licenses for both Dominion and provincial lands to separate the lumber manufactured from timber cut on the different berths.

Throughout these years the policy had been to promote the establishment of sawmills for the convenience of settlers remote from rail-ways and lumber centres. To this end the licenses had carried a provision for the erection of a mill within a specified period. On January 20, 1892, this was changed so that the lumberman was no longer required to construct a mill until notified by the department to do so, on the ground that facilities for settlers to purchase lumber were, for the present, ample in almost all settlements. This, of course, was conducive to the taking up of berths for speculative purposes, and the regulation is still in force.

Present   Finally, on July 1, 1898, the regulations were once

License   more overhauled, and these, with some later amend-

Regulations   ments,* constitute those at present in force. These, on their fiscal side, are virtually the same as those of 1883. The yearly

*January 23, 1900. The rental of berths between Eagle pass and Yale was reduced from $32 per square mile to $5 per square mile per annum.

April 9, 1901. One-half cost of guarding the timber berth from fire to be defrayed by licensee.

July 30, 1901. All timber cut under license in railway belt to be manufactured in the Dominion.

September 24, 1901. Rebate of 40c per thousand on export lumber cancelled. March 31, 1908. Upset price fixed before sale of berth and berth cannot be sold below this.


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