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FORESTRY ON DOMINION LANDS   255

method, owing to the shelter given to the young seedlings. As far as Dominion forests are concerned, with the exception of certain portions of the railway belt, lopping would be of very doubtful value, since decay takes places very slowly, owing to the dry climate. A financial compromise is often made by broadcast burning of fire lines around the sides most likely to be reached by fire, and lopping in the interior.

The cost of brush disposal varies widely with difference in forest type and locality, as does every other part of a lumbering operation. It can be seen that the outlay depends upon the species lumbered, the method of disposal, the climatic and topographic conditions, the style of lumbering, the quality of labour, and the skill and experience in the work. It is therefore impossible to give average figures of cost, but the following actual figures (mostly secured through the courtesy of the United States forest service) will give some indication of the expense to be expected. They include the range, as also the highest cost data to hand.

ACTUAL COSTS OF BRUSH DISPOSAL *

Locality

Forest type

Operation

Cost

per M

feet.

Cents

Bitterroot Forest, Montana ... .

Western yellow pine

Piling..   . .

42

 

 

Burning later

7

Bitterroot Forest, Montana....

Western yellow pine

Piling   ..

40

 

 

Burning later

6

Blackfeet Forest, Montana.. ..

Larch-Douglas fir..

Piling..   . .

42

Cceur d'Alene Forest, Idaho ..

Western white pine.

Piling and

burning.. ..

40

Minnesota    

White and red pine.

Piling   

25

 

 

Burning   

6

Idaho,Utah andNevada district

Lodgepole pine,

Douglas fir, yellow

Lopping and

scattering ..

5—10

Idaho,Utah andNevada district

pine,   Engelmann

spruce

do.   do.

Piling .   ..

15—25

Idaho, Utah andNevada district

do.   do.

Burning later

20—50

Idaho,Utah andNevada district

do.   do.

Burning later

8

Idaho and Montana    

Lodgepole pine ....

Piling   ..

50—60

 

 

Burning later

2—7

Idaho and Montana    

Yellow   pine   and

Piling   ..

25—50

 

Douglas   fir-larch

Burning later

2—6

Idaho and Montana    

types

Western white pine.

Piling    

40—60

 

 

Burning later

3—6

Idaho and Montana    

Western white pine.

Burning

broadcast ..

10

Crowsnest, B.0    

Engelmann   spruce-

lodgepole   pine (25

Burning

broadcast ..

2z

 

per cent).

 

 

*The slash disposal problem has not yet (1913) been taken up systematically in connection with Dominion forests. The subject is returned to in the last chapter.

Remarks

37 million feet

52 million feet off 3,300 acres

I Windrows Contract price

Range in different cases

7 million feet

Experiment with300acres; stand 15 to 20 M per acre


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