together with the railway belt, which is largely forested, constitute, in brief, the region with which this report is concerned. The two latter forests are described later.
Although the Prairie provinces are usually associated Lumbering in one's mind with but one pursuit, namely, farming,
the forested portions give rise to a lumbering industry of importance, and, while inferior in development to that of British Columbia or the eastern provinces, are of great value to the immigrant settlement in the west. In 1913 some 188 mills in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta sawed approximately 250 million feet of lumber, valued at the point of manufacture at over $4,260,000. Of this quantity, Saskatchewan forests produced approximately two-thirds, Alberta one-fifth, and Manitoba the balance. The prairie market consumes about 1,434 million feet of lumber annually. Over one-half of this comes from British Columbia (in part from the Railway Belt portion), and the remainder is supplied from north-western Ontario, the United States, and the home forests.
The lumber production of these provinces necessarily comes very largely from timber land held under license from the Dominion government. The following table shows the distribution of the lumber cut on Dominion lands in 1912-13* :