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162   COMMISSION OF CONSERVATION

The lessened fire risk must be given consideration in the reforestation of logged-off lands. Repeated burnings are disastrous to the life of the soil.

In the important work of slash burning, important because it reduces the fire hazard, we endeavour to co-operate with those who have slashings or logged-off lands to burn over. The State Forest Fire Service and Washington Forest Fire Association work in co-operation in this matter through the efforts of the fire wardens and forest rangers. Our methods of slash burning are the same. The forest rangers in the employ of the association receive their commissions from the State Forester and Fire Warden, which gives then authority to issue burning permits and make arrests for violations of the forest protection laws.

THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN

The Northern Forest Protective Association is composed of timber land owners in the northern peninsula of Michigan.

Thos. B. Wyman, Secretary-Forester of this association, writes as follows:

"In relation to brush disposal in this peninsula, permit me to say that the Northern Forest Protective Association is advocating continuously the disposal of brush as the most rational fire preventive measure, and we are meeting with some slight success in stirring up a feeling along this line. Several of the large companies are under-taking to burn their slash, and we are furnishing patrolmen for them as a means of greater safety.

" Occasionally fires get started in cut-over lands, and, instead of making a huge effort to put them out, we prefer rather to simply control them and permit of the burning of as great an acreage as is consistent with safety. I am expecting to see a large area burned over during the coming season."

TOP-LOPPING IN THE ADIRONDACKS

The top-lopping situation in the Adirondacks was very fully discussed in the 1912 report. The present situation is explained in the following statement, by C. R. Pettis, Superintendent of State Forests, state of New York:

" The only question of brush disposal which we have considered in this state is the lopping of evergreen branches. The law, which we proposed as a result of the investigation last winter, was enacted. It provides that all limbs and branches down to three inches in diameter shall be cut off at the time of cutting of evergreen trees. The present statute prescribes a penalty for failure to do so. The lumber-men are co-operating in this matter and we are having no trouble in


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