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160   COMMISSION OF CONSERVATION

areas, consisting of 120 acres, the cost of burning the slash was 43c. per acre, or, when figured in terms of the amount of timber taken from the area, $0.0034 per thousand board feet.

We have experienced very little difficulty in securing the consent of purchasers of National forest timber to the brush disposal requirements in the sale contracts. Practically the only point to which they object is the cutting of snags on the sale area, and this requirement is usually confined to only three snags per acre in addition to the snags which must be cut in the construction of fire-lines. I believe that almost all the present purchasers of National forest timber in this district fully appreciate the importance of the proper disposal of brush. In one of our yellow pine sales in southern Oregon, where big wheels are used in the logging, comparatively wide roads must be cleared through the forest, so that a good deal of the brush is piled in advance or at the time of the felling operations.

A suggestion has recently been made that slash burning on Douglas fir sales, where all of the merchantable timber is cut and removed, should be confined to only one burn. The idea set forth is that the seed which has fallen from the trees in the past few years is present in the duff and humus and, after the forest cover is removed and light is admitted to the ground, this seed germinates. A single burning is supposed not to be so severe as to destroy this seed, but a second or numerous subsequent burnings would probably completely destroy it. If this idea is true, and we are now trying to corroborate it, it might be advisable to burn over such areas only once.

At the bottom of page 53 of Forest Protection in Canada, 1912, an error was made in stating that the Oregon forestry law requires that slashings shall be burned between June 1st and October 1st. The law prescribes that it is unlawful to burn slashings between June 1st and October 1st without first obtaining a burning permit from a state fire warden. No restriction whatever is placed on slash burning during the other eight months of the year.—C. L.

STATE WORK IN BRUSH DISPOSAL—WASHINGTON

 

The following is quoted from a statement by E. IV. Ferris, State Forester of Washington :

The disposal of slash is one of the important problems of forest protective organizations. In this state we have three forest protective organizations working in co-operation. They are the State Forest Fire Service, the Washington Forest Fire Association, and the U. S. Forest Service.

In the forest protection laws of this state, consideration is given to the importance of slash burning, and provision is made that permission for burning shall be given only upon compliance with such rules and


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